Belum-Temengor Rainforest

To understand Banding Island we have to first talk about Belum-Temengor Rainforest that is situated in Perak. As Banding Island used to be a part of this rainforest, similarly it is over 130 million years old, making it one of the world's oldest rainforests. If you cannot fathom how old that is think about it this way. Dinosaurs roamed the earth 65 million years ago. This virtually undisturbed land has been in existence for far longer. The ice age has barely left a dent in this ancient forest.

On a more scientific note, Belum-Temengor Rainforest encompasses 300,000 hectares. This ancient rainforest is home to a vast and unique number of flora and fauna, many of which are near extinct. In fact, scientific studies indicate that this primeval forest remains one of the largest untouched forest reserves in Peninsular Malaysia, possibly the world. Imagine a forest, so old; it has not seen the likes of man. Much of it is untouched and unseen by human eyes. Now, imagine the secrets that it holds and the potential it has to offer the world.

Belum-Temengor Rainforest complex is so vast it is divided into two sections – Royal Belum State Park is located up north of the Malaysia-Thailand border while Temengor Forest Reserve is located at the south of the rainforest complex. Tasik Temengor lies at the heart of the Rainforest, covering 15,200 hectares.

Royal Belum State Park
The Royal Belum State Park is contained within the Belum-Temengor Rainforest complex. In 2007, the state government gazetted 1,175 sq. kilometres of the rainforest as a state park. The remaining area, which was not gazetted, remains a production forest open and ready to be developed.
Temengor Forest Reserve
Unlike the Royal Belum State Park, the Temengor Forest Reserve is facing a deforestation issue as the result of massive logging. Environmental organizations have been lobbying for the area to be gazetted as a state park however it is still being considered.
Flora and Fauna
Nature finds a way to survive that is how it has always been. But today with climate changes and to make way for modernisation, our natural heritage is declining rapidly or is on the verge of vanishing. And that is exactly what is distinct to the unspoiled Belum-Temengor Rainforest. It is home to fourteen of the world's most threatened mammals such as the: -

• Malaysian Tiger
• Malaysian Sun Bear
• Sumatran Rhinoceros
• White-handed Gibbon
• Asiatic Elephant
• Malayan Tapir

If we cherish like we usually do with rare and beautiful objects, you will find that living organisms in this natural phenomenon are of the highest magnitude. If you are fortunate enough to be at the right time and place, you will be able to spot the rare Plain-pouched Hornbill which can only be found in here. The Belum-Temengor Rainforest complex houses over 3,000 species of flora. One of which is the majestic Rafflesia Azlanii which saves her beauty for the lucky few. If that is not an indication of a natural phenomenon what about the 64 species of ferns, one of which seems blue from one angle, then green from another and then blue-green, as if a metamorphosis is taking place right before your very eyes. Then there are the mosses, 62 species that are already discovered with 4 of those species not existing anywhere else in the world. A botanist's dream comes true. The lake itself is home to 23 species of freshwater fish and 5 species of turtles. In short, embark on a multi-sensory journey through the Belum-Temengor Rainforest and be prepared for the unexpected.